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2016 Diwali Puja Calendar

2016 Diwali Puja, Deepavali Puja dates for Ujjain, India
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Deepavali Day 1 : October 26th 2016 (Wednesday)
Ekadashi
Govatsa Dwadashi
Vasu Baras
Govatsa Dwadashi Pradosh Puja Time = 17:48 to 20:21
Duration = 2 Hours 32 Mins
2016 Govatsa Dwadashi, Vasu Baras
Govatsa Dwadashi is celebrated one day before Dhanteras. On Govatsa Dwadashi day cows and calves are worshipped. The wheat products are given to cows and calves after worship. People who observe Govatsa Dwadashi abstain from eating any wheat and milk products during the day. Govatsa Dwadashi is also observed as Nandini Vrat. Nandini is divine cow in Hinduism.
In Maharashtra Govatsa Dwadashi is known as Vasu Baras and it is considered first day of Deepavali.




Deepavali Day 2: October 27th 2016 (Thursday)

Dwadashi












Deepavali Day 3 : October 28th 2016 (Friday)

Chaturdashi
Dhantrayodashi
Dhanteras
Dhanteras Puja Muhurta = 17:47 to 18:20 *(without sthir lagna)
Duration = 0 Hours 33 Mins
Pradosh Kaal = 17:47 to 20:20
Vrishabha Kaal = 18:50 to 20:48
Trayodashi Tithi Starts = 16:15 on 27/Oct/2016

Trayodashi Tithi Ends = 18:20 on 28/Oct/2016
Note - 24-hour clock with local time of Ujjain & DST adjusted for all Muhurat timings (if applicable)
2016 Dhanteras Puja, Dhantrayodashi Puja
Dhantrayodashi which is also known as Dhanteras is the first day of five days long Diwali festivities. On the day of Dhantrayodashi, Goddess Lakshmi came out of the ocean during the churning of the Milky Sea. Hence, Goddess Lakshmi, along with Lord Kubera who is the God of wealth, is worshipped on the auspicious day of Trayodashi. However, Lakshmi Puja on Amavasya after two days of Dhantrayodashi is considered more significant.
Lakshmi Puja on Dhanteras or Dhantrayodashi should be done during Pradosh Kaal which starts after sunset and approximately lasts for 2 hours and 24 minutes.
We don’t advise to choose Choghadiya Muhurat to perform Dhanteras Puja as those Muhurtas are good only for travelling. The best time for Lakshmi Puja on Dhanteras is during Pradosh Kaal when Sthir Lagna prevails. Sthir means fixed i.e. not moveable. If Dhanteras Puja is done during Sthir Lagna, Lakshmiji will stay in your home; hence this time is the best for Dhanteras Pujan. Vrishabha Lagna is considered as Sthir and mostly overlaps with Pradosh Kaal during Diwali festivity.
We provide exact window for Dhanteras Puja. Our Muhurat times contain Pradosh Kaal and Sthir Lagna while Trayodashi is prevailing. We provide Muhurat based on location, hence you should select your city first before noting down Shubh Dhanteras Puja timings.
Dhanteras Puja is also known as Dhantrayodashi. The day of Dhanteras is also observed as Dhanwantari Triodasi or Dhanvantri Jayanti, the birth anniversary of the God of Ayurveda. Yamadeep is another ritual on the same Trayodashi Tithi when the lamp for the God of death is lit outside home to ward off any untimely death of any family members.
Dhanvantari Trayodashi
Trayodashi Tithi Starts = 16:15 on 27/Oct/2016

Trayodashi Tithi Ends = 18:20 on 28/Oct/2016
Note - 24-hour clock with local time of Ujjain & DST adjusted for all Muhurat timings (if applicable)
2016 Dhanvantari Trayodashi
Dhanvantari Trayodashi is observed two days before Diwali Puja. As name suggests it is observed during Trayodashi Tithi of Krishna Paksha. The day is celebrated as the birth anniversary of Lord Dhanvantari, the teacher and the father of Ayurveda. Lord Dhanvantari is the physician of Gods and considered one of the incarnations of Lord Vishnu. The day of Dhanvantari Trayodashi is also known as Dhanvantari Jayanti.
According to legends, during the churning of the milky ocean, Dhanvantari emerged with the nectar pot on the very same day. Hence for those who practice Ayurveda or medicines, the day of Dhanvantari Trayodashi is very significant. On this day people worship Lord Dhanvantari and pray for the good health and physique.
The very same day is also observed as Dhantrayodashi or Dhanteras. In the context of Dhantrayodashi, the day relates to wealth and prosperity and is considered significant for Lakshmi-Kuber Puja. On this day people worship Goddess Lakshmi along with Lord Kuber for material wealth and prosperity. Lord Kuber, who is considered treasurer of the riches of the world, is worshipped along with Sri Lakshmi the Goddess of wealth.
Yama Deepam
Yama Deepam Time = 17:47 to 18:20

Duration = 0 Hours 33 Mins
2016 Yama Deepam
A Deepak, for the God of death Yamaraj, is lit outside home on Trayodashi Tithi during Diwali to ward off any untimely death of any family members. This ritual is known as Deepdan for Yamraj.

The Deepak is lit outside home during Sandhya time. It is believed that Deepdan pleases Lord Yama and He protects family members from any accidental death.
Kali Chaudas
Kali Chaudas Nishita Puja Time = 23:45 to 24:36+
Duration = 0 Hours 51 Mins
Chaturdashi Tithi Begins = 18:20 on 28/Oct/2016

Chaturdashi Tithi Ends = 20:40 on 29/Oct/2016
2016 Kali Chaudas Puja
Kali Chaudas is also known as Bhut Chaturdashi. Kali Chaudas is mainly observed in Western states especially in Gujarat.
Kali Chaudas is observed during Chaturdashi Tithi during Diwali festivity. However Kali Chaudas day should not be mixed with Roop Chaudas and Narak Chaturdashi as it might fall one day before of Narak Chaturdashi. The day of Kali Chaudas is decided when Chaturdashi prevails during midnight which as per Panchang is known as Maha Nishita time.
As rituals of Kali Chaudas involve visiting crematorium during midnight for offering Puja to the Goddess of darkness and to Veer Vetal, the day of Kali Chaudas is decided when Chaturdashi prevails during midnight.
It seems that most Panchang don't make such distinction and list Kali Chaudas with Roop Chaudas and Narak Chaturdashi. Hence one has to be cautious while looking for Kali Chaudas date.
Further Kali Chaudas should not be confused with Bengal Kali Puja which is observed one day after Kali Chaudas when Amavasya Tithi prevails during midnight.
Hanuman Puja
Chaturdashi Tithi Begins = 18:20 on 28/Oct/2016

Chaturdashi Tithi Ends = 20:40 on 29/Oct/2016
2016 Hanuman Puja
A day before Diwali Puja, Hanuman Puja is performed in some parts of India especially in Gujarat. The day of Hanuman Puja coincides with the day of Kali Chaudas. It is believed that the bad spirits are most powerful during the night of Kali Chaudas. Lord Hanuman, who gives strength to fight evil spirits, is worshipped to seek strength, power and the protection from all sorts of bad spirits.
According to another legend, Diwali is celebrated to mark the return of Lord Rama to Ayodhya after defeating demon Ravana and completing His fourteen years of exile. The devotion and dedication of Hanuman pleased Shri Rama so much that He blessed Hanuman for getting worshipped before Him. Hence people worship God Hanuman a day before Diwali celebrations.
The very same day is observed as Shri Hanuman Jayanti at Hanumangarhi (हनुमानगढ़ी) temple in Ayodhya. However most of the people in North India celebrate Hanuman Jayanti on Chaitra Purnima.

Deepavali Day 4: October 29th 2016(Saturday)
Chaturdashi
Narak Chaturdashi
Abhyang Snan Muhurta = 05:09 to 06:34
Duration = 1 Hour 24 Mins
Chaturdashi Tithi Begins = 18:20 on 28/Oct/2016
Chaturdashi Tithi Ends = 20:40 on 29/Oct/2016

2016 Abhyang Snan on Narak Chaturdashi
Five days Diwali festivity starts on Dhantrayodashi and lasts on Bhaiya Dooj day. Abhyang Snan has been suggested on three days i.e. on Chaturdashi, Amavasya and Pratipada days during Diwali.
Abhyang Snan on Chaturdashi day, which is popularly known as Narak Chaturdashi, is the most significant one. It is believed that people, who do Abhyang Snan on this day, can avoid going to Narak. Til (i.e. sesame) oil should be used for Ubtan during Abhyang Snan.
Abhyang Snan on Narak Chaturdashi might be one day before or on same day of Lakshmi Puja day on English Calendar. When Chaturdashi Tithi prevails before sunrise and Amavasya Tithi prevails after sunset then Narak Chaturdashi and Lakshmi Puja fall on the same day. Abhyang Snan is always done during moonrise but before sunrise while Chaturdashi Tithi is prevailing.
Our Muhurta window for Abhyang Snan is between moonrise and sunrise while Chaturdashi Tithi prevails. We provide Abhyang Snan Muhurta exactly as it has been prescribed in religious Hindu texts. We consider all exceptions and list the best date and time for Abhyang Snan.
Narak Chaturdashi day is also known as Choti Diwali, Roop Chaturdashi and Roop Chaudas.
Often Narak Chaturdashi is considered same as Kali Chaudas. However both are two different festivals observed on the same Tithi and depending on the start and end timing of Chaturdashi Tithi might fall on two different consecutive days.
Tamil Deepavali
Deepavali Muhurat before Sunrise = 05:09 to 06:34
Duration = 1 Hour 24 Mins
*Deepavali Muhurat which usually overlaps with Brahma Muhurat is considered very significant for taking oil bath, wearing new clothes, lighting earthen lamps and playing Puja crackers.
Sathuradasi Tithi Begins = 18:20 on 28/Oct/2016
Sathuradasi Tithi Ends = 20:40 on 29/Oct/2016

2016 Tamil Deepavali
The most of the India observe Deepavali when Amavasya Tithi prevails during Pradosh i.e. just after sunset. However, in Tamil Nadu Deepavali is observed when Chaturdashi Tithi prevails during Brahma Muhurat i.e. just before sunrise.
In Tamil Nadu, people get up early on Deepavali day, take bath before sunrise, wear new clothes, perform Puja, lit earthen lamps and play crackers. Apart from Tamil Nadu, in neighboring state Karnataka also, people follow the same rituals as that of Tamil Nadu on Chaturdashi Tithi. Hence, in Tamil Nadu and Karnataka, Chaturdashi Tithi is the main day during Deepavali and unlike rest of India earthen lamps and crackers are lit during dawn and not after dusk.
It is interesting to note that unlike North India, which celebrates Deepavali as the arrival of Lord Rama to Ayodhya, in Tamil Nadu and Karnataka Deepavali is celebrated as killing of demon Narakasura by Goddess Satyabhama and Lord Krishna. It is also important to note that, depending on the start and end timings of Chaturdashi and Amavasya Tithi in lunar calendar, most significant day during Diwali festivities in Tamil Nadu and Karnataka might fall one day before or on the same day of Deepavali in rest of India.
The rituals which are observed in Tamil Nadu and Karnataka on Chaturdashi are also observed in other parts of India but with the name of Naraka Chaturdashi and Abhyang Snan. However, in other states it is oil bath which is more significant on the day of Naraka Chaturdashi.
Bengal Kali Puja
Kali Puja Nishita Time = 23:45 to 24:36+
Duration = 0 Hours 51 Mins
Amavasya Tithi Begins = 20:40 on 29/Oct/2016
Amavasya Tithi Ends = 23:08 on 30/Oct/2016

2016 Kali Puja, Shyama Puja
Kali Puja is a Hindu festival dedicated to the Goddess Kali. Kali Puja is celebrated on new moon day during Diwali festivity. While most people in India worship Goddess Lakshmi on Amavasya Tithi during Diwali, folks in West Bengal, Orissa and Assam worship Goddess Kali on new moon day, the most important day of Diwali.
In most of the years, Diwali Puja and Kali Puja falls on the same day but in some years Kali Puja might fall one day before Diwali Puja. For Kali Puja, the day when Amavasya prevails during midnight is considered while for Lakshmi Puja the day when Amavasya prevails during Pradosh is considered.
In West Bengal, Orissa and Assam, the most important day to worship Goddess Lakshmi falls on the full moon day in lunar month Ashwin. Lakshmi Puja on Purnima Tithi in month of Ashwin is known as Kojagara Puja and more commonly known as Bengal Lakshmi Puja.
Kali Puja is also known as Shyama Puja.

Deepavali Day 5: October 30th 2016(Sunday)
Amavasya
Lakshmi Puja, Diwali Puja
Lakshmi Puja Muhurta = 18:42 to 20:19
Duration = 1 Hour 37 Mins
Pradosh Kaal = 17:45 to 20:19
Vrishabha Kaal = 18:42 to 20:40
Amavasya Tithi Begins = 20:40 on 29/Oct/2016
Amavasya Tithi Ends = 23:08 on 30/Oct/2016

Lakshmi Puja Muhurta = None
Duration = 0 Hours 0 Mins
Mahanishita Kaal = 23:45 to 24:36+
Simha Kaal = 25:09+ to 27:21+
Amavasya Tithi Begins = 20:40 on 29/Oct/2016
Amavasya Tithi Ends = 23:08 on 30/Oct/2016

Auspicious Choghadiya Muhurat for Diwali Lakshmi Puja
Morning Muhurta (Char, Labh, Amrit) = 07:59 - 12:10
Afternoon Muhurta (Shubh) = 13:34 - 14:58
Evening Muhurta (Shubh, Amrit, Char) = 17:46 - 22:34

2016 Lakshmi Puja, Diwali Puja
Lakshmi Puja Vrat and rituals 
On the day of Diwali, people should get up early in the morning and pay tribute to their ancestors and worship family gods. Being Amavasya day, people also perform Shradh for their ancestors. Traditionally, most Puja are performed after keeping a day long fast. Hence, the devotees of Goddess Lakshmi observe a day long fast on the day of Lakshmi Puja. The fast is broken after Lakshmi Puja in the evening.
Lakshmi Puja Preparations 
Most Hindu families decorate their homes and offices with marigold flowers and Ashoka, mango and banana leaves on the day of Lakshmi Puja. It is considered auspicious to keep Mangalik Kalash covered with unpeeled coconut at both side of the main entrance of the home.
For Lakshmi Puja preparations, one should keep a red cloth at the right hand side on a raised platform and install idols of Goddess Lakshmi and Lord Ganesha on it after adorning them with silk clothes and jewellery. After this, one should keep a while cloth at the left hand side on a raised platform for installing Navgraha gods. One should prepare nine slots of Akshata (unbroken rice) for installing Navgraha on the white cloth and prepare sixteen slots of wheat or wheat flour on the red cloth. One should perform Lakshmi Puja with full rituals as described on Lakshmi Puja Vidhi.
Lakshmi Puja Muhurat 
On Diwali, Lakshmi Puja should be done during Pradosh Kaal which starts after sunset and approximately lasts for 2 hours and 24 minutes. Some sources propose Mahanishita Kaal also to perform Lakshmi Puja. In our opinion Mahanishita Kaal is best suited for Tantrik community and practicing Pandits who know the best about Lakshmi Puja during this special time. For common people we propose Pradosh Kaal Muhurat.
We don't advise to choose Choghadiya Muhurat to perform Lakshmi Puja as those Muhurtas are good only for travelling. The best time for Lakshmi Puja is during Pradosh Kaal when Sthir Lagna prevails. Sthir means fixed i.e. not moveable. If Lakshmi Puja is done during Sthir Lagna, Lakshmiji will stay in your home; hence this time is the best for Lakshmi Pujan. Vrishabha Lagna is considered as Sthir and mostly overlaps with Pradosh Kaal during Diwali festivity.
We provide exact window for Lakshmi Puja. Our Muhurat times contain Pradosh Kaal and Sthir Lagna while Amavasya is prevailing. We provide Muhurat based on location, hence you should select your city first before noting down Shubh Lakshmi Puja timings.
Many communities especially Gujarati businessmen do Chopda Pujan during Diwali Puja. During Chopda Puja new account books are inaugurated in presence of Goddess Lakshmi to seek Her blessing for the next financial year. Diwali Puja is also known as Deepavali Puja and Lakshmi Ganesh Pujan.
Kedar Gauri Vrat
Dhanvantari Trayodashi Puja Muhurat
Trayodashi Tithi Starts = 16:15 on 27/Oct/2016
Trayodashi Tithi Ends = 18:20 on 28/Oct/2016
2016 Dhanvantari Trayodashi
Dhanvantari Trayodashi is observed two days before Diwali Puja. As name suggests it is observed during Trayodashi Tithi of Krishna Paksha. The day is celebrated as the birth anniversary of Lord Dhanvantari, the teacher and the father of Ayurveda. Lord Dhanvantari is the physician of Gods and considered one of the incarnations of Lord Vishnu. The day of Dhanvantari Trayodashi is also known as Dhanvantari Jayanti.
According to legends, during the churning of the milky ocean, Dhanvantari emerged with the nectar pot on the very same day. Hence for those who practice Ayurveda or medicines, the day of Dhanvantari Trayodashi is very significant. On this day people worship Lord Dhanvantari and pray for the good health and physique.
The very same day is also observed as Dhantrayodashi or Dhanteras. In the context of Dhantrayodashi, the day relates to wealth and prosperity and is considered significant for Lakshmi-Kuber Puja. On this day people worship Goddess Lakshmi along with Lord Kuber for material wealth and prosperity. Lord Kuber, who is considered treasurer of the riches of the world, is worshipped along with Sri Lakshmi the Goddess of wealth.

Chopda Puja
Auspicious Choghadiya Muhurat for Diwali Chopda Puja
Morning Muhurta (Char, Labh, Amrit) = 07:59 - 12:10
Afternoon Muhurta (Shubh) = 13:34 - 14:58
Evening Muhurta (Shubh, Amrit, Char) = 17:46 - 22:34
Amavasya Tithi Begins = 20:40 on 29/Oct/2016
Amavasya Tithi Ends = 23:08 on 30/Oct/2016
2016 Diwali Chopda Puja

Lakshmi Puja during Diwali is better known as Chopda Puja in Gujarat.
Gujarati community is famous for their entrepreneurial skills and family businesses are successfully managed generation after generation. Unlike corporate houses, family businesses uphold traditions even in the modern India. Hence, most professionally run businesses also imbue the culture of Indian traditions and plan important business events during auspicious timings. Chopda Puja is also part of religious traditions where a successful business needs blessing of deities to make the coming year profitable.
Diwali it the most appropriate time to seek blessing of Bhagawati Lakshmi, Lord Ganesha and Maa Sharda to make the coming year prosperous and profitable. Hence new account books are sanctified during Diwali Chopda Puja.
In Gujarat traditional accounting books are known as Chopda or Chopada. However, in the era of computer and Internet, importance of Chopda has been marginalized as most businesses use laptops and accounting software to manage their financials. But it doesn't change the significance of Chopda Puja as businessmen use their laptop as Chopda and worship it in front of deities. In current time Swastika, Om and Shubh-Labh are drawn at top of the laptop instead of Chopda.
In Gujarat, Choghadiya Muhurat are in prevalence and considered suitable to perform Chopda Puja. People prefer auspicious Choghadiya timings on the day of Deepavali. The Choghadiya Muhurat which are considered auspicious to perform Puja are Amrit, Shubh, Labh and Char. The advantage of using Choghadiya Muhurat is that those are available during day time as well as night time. However, in Electional Astrology, Lagna based Muhurat especially during Pradosh are given preference over Choghadiya Muhurat. Hence, Lagna based Diwali Muhurat and Pradosh time Lakshmi Puja Muhurat are considered more significant during Diwali Lakshmi Puja.
The ritual of Chopda Puja is also known as Muhurat Pujan and Chopada Pujan. Apart from Gujarat, Chopda Puja is also performed in Rajasthan and Maharashtra by Hindu business community.

Sharda Puja
Amavasya Tithi Ends = 23:08 on 30/Oct/2016
Auspicious Choghadiya Muhurat for Diwali Sharda Puja
Morning Muhurta (Char, Labh, Amrit) = 07:59 - 12:10
Afternoon Muhurta (Shubh) = 13:34 - 14:58
Evening Muhurta (Shubh, Amrit, Char) = 17:46 - 22:34
Amavasya Tithi Begins = 20:40 on 29/Oct/2016
Amavasya Tithi Ends = 23:08 on 30/Oct/2016

2016 Diwali Sharda Puja
Deepavali Puja is also known as Sharda Puja and Chopda Puja in Gujarat. Sharda Puja is dedicated to Goddess Saraswati. Sharda is one of the names of Goddess Saraswati, the Hindu goddess of knowledge, wisdom and learning.
Goddess Lakshmi, the goddess of wealth and prosperity, is the prime deity who is worshipped during Diwali Puja. However, Goddess Sharda and Lord Ganesha are given equal importance during Diwali Puja. Traditionally, all three deities are worshipped during Diwali Puja. Most wall posters, calendars and clay statues available in the market for Diwali Puja put the trio together.
In Hinduism, it is strongly believed that wealth without wisdom and knowledge is not sustainable. People can become prosperous and wealthy with the gratitude and blessing of Goddess Lakshmi. However, if Lord Ganesha and Goddess Sharda, who bestow wisdom and knowledge respectively, are not pleased then wealth and prosperity cannot be sustained and grown. Hence to sustain wealth and prosperity one needs wisdom and to grow the wealth one needs knowledge. Hence, most Hindu families worship Goddess Saraswati and God Ganesha, along with Goddess Lakshmi during Diwali Puja.
The day of Sharda Puja is significant for students to seek blessings of Goddess Sharda. Hence students offer special prayers for success in their studies.
Apart from students, the day of Sharda Puja is also significant for business families who maintain their account books. In Gujarat traditional account books are known as Chopda. New Chopda(s) are inaugurated during Sharda Puja in presence of Maa Sharda as well as Goddess Lakshmi and Lord Ganesha. It is strongly believed that any business needs blessing of all three deities to grow and to become successful and profitable.
Hence, Sharda Puja is integral part of Diwali Puja and often used interchangeably with Chopda Pujan and Diwali Pujan especially in Gujarat.
Diwali Snan, Diwali Devpuja

Deepavali Day 6: October 31st 2016(Monday)
Pratipada
Govardhan Puja, Annakut
Govardhan Puja Pratahkal Muhurat = 06:35 to 08:49
Duration = 2 Hours 13 Mins
Govardhan Puja Sayankal Muhurat = 15:31 to 17:45
Duration = 2 Hours 13 Mins
Pratipada Tithi Begins = 23:08 on 30/Oct/2016
Pratipada Tithi Ends = 01:39 on 1/Nov/2016

2016 Govardhan Puja, Annakut Puja
Most of the time Govardhan Puja day falls next day after Diwali Puja and it is celebrated as the day when Lord Krishna defeated God Indra. Sometimes there might be one day gap between Diwali and Govardhan Puja.
In religious texts, Govardhan Puja celebrations are suggested during Pratipada Tithi of Kartik month. Depending on starting time of Pratipada, Govardhan Puja day might fall one day before on Amavasya day on Hindu calendar.
Gowardhan Puja is also known as Annakut Puja. On this day food made of cereals like wheat, rice, curry made of gram flour and leafy vegetables is cooked and offered to Lord Krishna.
In Maharashtra the same day is celebrated as Bali Pratipada or Bali Padva. The day commemorates victory of Vamana, an incarnation of Lord Vishnu, over King Bali and subsequent pushing of Bali to Patal Lok (the underworld). It is believed that due to boon given by Lord Vamana, Asura King Bali visits the Prithvi Lok from the Patala Lok on this day.
Most of the time Govardhan Puja day coincides with Gujarati New Year day, which is celebrated on Shukla Paksha Pratipada of Kartik month. Depending on starting time of Pratipada Tithi, Govardhan Puja celebrations could be done one day before Gujarati New Year day.
Bali Pratipada, 
Bali Puja Pratahkal Muhurat = 06:35 to 08:49
Duration = 2 Hours 13 Mins
Bali Puja Sayankal Muhurat = 15:31 to 17:45
Duration = 2 Hours 13 Mins
Pratipada Tithi Begins = 23:08 on 30/Oct/2016
Pratipada Tithi Ends = 01:39 on 1/Nov/2016

2016 Bali Pratipada
Bali Puja is also known as Bali Pratipada and performed on the first day of Kartik Pratipada which falls on the next day of Diwali Puja. Bali Puja coincides with Govardhan Puja. While Govardhan Puja is dedicated to Govardhan hills and Lord Krishna, Bali Puja is performed to seek blessings of Demon king Bali.
Due to boon bestowed by Lord Vishnu, Demon king Bali is worshipped in India during Diwali. According to legends associated with Vamana Avatar of Lord Vishnu, Demon Bali was pushed to Patala (i.e. Nadir) by Lord Vishnu. However due to generosity of the king Bali, Lord Vishnu allowed him three days to visit Bhulok (i.e. the earth). It is believed that king Bali resides on the earth for three days and blesses his devotees during these days.
As per religious texts, the image of king Bali should be drawn at the center of home along with his wife Vindhyavali. The image should be adorned with five different colors. The five colored image should be worshipped during Bali Puja.
In South India, king Bali is worshipped during Onam and the concept of Onam is same as that of Bali Puja in North India.
Dyuta Krida 
Diwali Dyuta Krida Muhurat = 06:35 to 08:49
Duration = 2 Hours 13 Mins
Pratipada Tithi Begins = 23:08 on 30/Oct/2016
Pratipada Tithi Ends = 01:39 on 1/Nov/2016

2016 Diwali Dyuta Krida
The act of gambling is known in Hinduism since Vedic period. However, it was known as game of Dyuta and called Dyuta-Krida (द्यूत-क्रीडा). The board on which it is played is known as Chaupar and dice are known as Pasha (पाश). In modern India, the game of dice is known as Jua (जुआ) and it is taboo to play Jua in many families. Most states in India have banned all sorts of gambling activities. However, many families play it during Diwali for religious reasons.
It is believed that the game of dice was invented by Lord Shiva itself and it was played between Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati the very first time. It was stated by Lord Shiva to Goddess Parvati, "O Devi! I have created the game of dice for those who want to play it for time pass, for those who want to amass sudden wealth and to destroy the wealth of someone".
As per Hindu religious books, it was the day of Kartik Pratipada when Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati played the game of dice the very first time. It is believed that the day of Kartik Pratipada, which is also known as Bali Pratipada and Govardhan Puja, is blessed by Goddess Parvati herself. Hence whoever plays Dyuta Krida on this day is blessed by Goddess Parvati.
Dyuta Krida is a must ritual on the day of Kartik Pratipada which is also the first day of Hindu Samvat year and known as Gujarati New Year. The best time to play Dyuta is early morning during Pratahkal. As per religious books, wearing new clothes after Abhyang Snan on the first day of Kartik month should be followed by Dyuta Krida and taking Mangal Aarti from female members of the family.
Many people play Dyuta on Diwali night which has no religious significance. None of the religious books mention gambling on Diwali night. However, most of them unanimously suggest playing Dyuta on the day of Kartik Pratipada. Also most of the people believe that Diwali day is an auspicious day for gambling and whoever gambles on this day wins. We all know that it cannot be correct as someone has to lose for someone to win in the game of dice. The reason, why religious books suggest playing Dyuta, is not that it is an auspicious day to win but it is the day to forecast for the coming year. If someone wins in the game of Dyuta on Kartik Pratipada then the whole year would be good for that person and if someone loses then it is omen of bad luck in coming year.

Gujarati New Year
Gujarati Vikram Samvat 2073 Begins
Pratipada Tithi Begins = 23:08 on 30/Oct/2016
Pratipada Tithi Ends = 01:39 on 1/Nov/2016
2016 Gujarati New Year
Most Lunar calendars start the year on Shukla Paksha Pratipada during Chaitra month and this day is celebrated as Gudi Padwa and Yugadi. However in Gujarat New Year starts on Shukla Paksha Pratipada in month of Kartik.
Most of the times, Gujarati New Year starts on Annakut Puja day which is also known as Gowardhan Puja.
Gujarati New Year is the time to close old account books and to open new account books. In Gujarat traditional account books are known as Chopda. New Chopda(s) are inaugurated during Diwali Puja in presence of Goddess Lakshmi to seek Her blessing and this ritual is known as Chopda Pujan. During Chopda Puja new account books are marked with auspicious symbols to make the financial year profitable.

Deepavali Day 7 : November 1st 2016 (Tuesday)
Dwitiya
Bhaiya Dooj, Bhau Beej
Bhai Dooj Tika Muhurat = 13:17 to 15:30
Duration = 2 Hours 13 Mins
Dwitiya Tithi Begins = 01:39 on 1/Nov/2016
Dwitiya Tithi Ends = 04:11 on 2/Nov/2016

2016 Bhai Dooj
On Bhaiya Dooj, sisters pray for their brothers to have long and happy lives by performing Tika ceremony and brothers offer gifts to their sisters. Bhaiya Dooj is also known as Bhau Beej and Bhathru Dwithiya.

Yama Dwitiya
Yamraj Puja Muhurat = 13:17 to 15:30
Duration = 2 Hours 13 Mins
Dwitiya Tithi Begins = 01:39 on 1/Nov/2016
Dwitiya Tithi Ends = 04:11 on 2/Nov/2016

2016 Yama Dwitiya
Yama Dwitiya is observed on Dwitiya Tithi during Kartik month. Most of the times, Yama Dwitiya falls two days after Diwali Puja. Yamraj, the lord of death, is worshipped on Yama Dwitiya along with Chitragupta and Yama-Doots, the subordinates of Lord Yamraj.
The Aparahna is the most suitable time for Yama Dwitiya Puja. Yamuna Snan is suggested in the morning before Yamraj Puja during Aparahna. Arghya should be given to Lord Yama after Puja.
Apart from Yama Puja, the day is more popularly known as Bhai Dooj. As per Yama Dwitiya legends, Goddess Yamuna fed her brother Yamraj on Kartik Dwitiya at her own home. Since then this day is known as Yama Dwitiya. It is believed that sisters who feed their brothers on this auspicious day would be forever Saubhagyavati (सौभाग्यवती) and eating at sisters home bestows long life to brothers. Hence, on Bhai Dooj, sisters cook sumptuous food for their brothers and feed them with their own hands.



2016 Diwali Calendar, Deepavali Calendar

Diwali which is also known as Deepawali is the most famous festival of the year. Diwali is the five days festivity period which begins on Dhanteras and ends on Bhaiya Dooj. However, in Maharashtra Diwali festivities begin one day earlier on Govatsa Dwadashi while in Gujarat Diwali festivities begin two days earlier on Agyaras and culminates on Labh Panchami.
During five days festivity various rituals are followed and with Goddess Lakshmi several other Gods and Goddesses are worshipped. However Goddess Lakshmi is the most significant deity during Diwali Puja. The new moon day, which is known as Amavasya, is the most significant day of five days Diwali festivities and known as Lakshmi Puja, Lakshmi-Ganesh Puja and Diwali Puja.
Diwali Puja is done not only in families but also in offices. Diwali Puja is the significant day for the most traditional Hindu businessmen. On this day, ink bottle, pens and new account books are worshipped. Ink bottle and pen, which are called Davat (दावात) and Lekhani (लेखनी) respectively, are sanctified by worshipping Goddess Maha Kali on them. New account books, which are called Bahi-Khate (बही-खाते), are sanctified by worshipping Goddess Saraswati on them.
The most auspicious time to do Diwali Puja is after sunset. The time period after sunset is known as Pradosh. The day of Diwali Puja is decided when Amavasya Tithi prevails during Pradosh. Hence no other Diwali Puja Muhurat is as good as Puja Muhurat during Pradosh even if it is available for one Ghati (approximately 24 minutes).


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